A Canadian, James Naismith, takes the credit for inventing the game of basketball. As a new faculty member at the YMCA's International Training School (later Springfield College) in Massachusetts, Naismith was challenged by his physical education director to develop a new recreational game "that would provide relief from all the calisthenics and drills." He was set on using a ball and didn't want the players just to run with it. Then he thought it would be more fun if the goals were raised. Eventually, Naismith came up with 13 basic rules, hung peach baskets up in the gym and hoped his students would play. He wasn't disappointed. Hundreds joined in. He didn't make a penny from his invention, but he got to see his new game introduced as a new Olympic sport in 1936 (Berlin) just three years before he passed away. Today basketball is arguably one of the most popular sports. It has grown to become a game not for a specific culture or nation or ethnic group, but for an entire planet to share and enjoy.